Changes in technology and information are a central driving force of historical change. This cluster will bring together historical research in these areas and facilitate communication between historians of science and historians of the cultural elements that science and technology directly affect. Members study the discovery and development of technologies, technological dissemination, and the application and impact of technology in many contexts, including social, economic, political, environmental, military, artistic and medical. Information and media are intimately tied to technology, since, from the development of writing to the internet, technology has repeatedly transformed how information is recorded, preserved, disseminated and used, with widespread and often revolutionary consequences. Areas of interest include business and industrial technology, transportation and exploration, technological and geographic frontiers, energy technology, military technology, industrialization, technology and the environment, communications, the history of the book, the print revolution, popular culture media, the computer and information revolutions, attempts to control information and technology, the commercialization of technology, and the role of science and information historical change. Faculty examine all time periods, and all regions of Earth and beyond but emphasize the connections between technology and business and with the environment.