Lecturer, TAMU History Department
Statement of Research:
I explore the intersections of women’s and minority voting rights in the context of the woman suffrage movement in Texas. I scrutinize congressional records, bills and laws, opinions of the Attorney General, newspapers and the correspondence of suffragists to show that while the Susan B. Anthony Amendment removed one barrier between women of color and the ballot, the end result was strengthened white political control. My dissertation analyzes how anglo, black, and Mexican American or Mexican immigrant women, working separately or collectively, participated in and at times benefitted from the woman suffrage movement. Initially, woman suffrage caused unforeseen relaxations of minority voting restrictions, until the state strengthened the all-white primary and poll tax laws in response.
My work contributes to the body of suffrage literature regarding suffrage in the South; to what extent suffragists were motivated by racism and nativism; and how white suffragists downplayed racial concerns lest the controversy cost them suffrage victories, while to various extents embracing the ideology of white supremacy. I analyze the differing definitions of citizenship utilized during World War I, as well as how women and their communities defined citizenship, and the difficulties of accommodating women within a classic liberal framework of citizenship based in individual rights. I also analyze interracial cooperation between Texan women on the local level, while acknowledging that anglo women’s willingness to work with black and Latina (both Mexican American and Mexican immigrant) women was not necessarily indicative of egalitarian racial views.
Forthcoming “Votes for Women: Ferguson’s Impeachment and the Woman Suffrage Movement.” In Impeached: The Removal of Texas Governor James E. Ferguson, A Centennial Examination, edited by Jessica Brannon-Wranosky and Bruce A. Glasrud. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2017.
Forthcoming. Biographical Sketch of Ms. Cora A. Weeks, Women and Social Movements in the United States, edited by Jill Zahniser, Fall 2017.
Brooks Forum Selected Participant, St. George Tucker Society, 2015-2016
Archie P. McDonald Scholarship, East Texas Historical Association, 2014
“Soldier Voting and Votes for Women in Texas” To be Presented at the Organization of American Historians Annual Meeting, April 6-9, 2017 in New Orleans, Louisiana.